Direct Instruction (DI) is a teaching method that is often used in classrooms. It is a highly structured, step-by-step approach that is based on careful planning and research.
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What is Direct Instruction?
Direct Instruction is a teaching method that is characterized by a teacher-led, step-by-step approach. It is a highly structured method with a focus on explicit, verbal instruction and modeling. This type of instruction can be beneficial for struggling students or students who are new to a concept. It can also be used to review material that has already been learned. Let’s take a look at some of the pros and cons of Direct Instruction.
What are the features of Direct Instruction?
There are six primary features of Direct Instruction:
1. Lesson presentation is carefully planned and organized
2. Language is concise and meaningful
3. Interaction between teacher and student is highly structured
4. Pace of instruction is fast
5. Feedback to students is immediate
6. Practice is extensive
What is the history of Direct Instruction?
Direct instruction is a teaching method that was first developed in the 1960s by Israeli-American educational psychologist Siegfried Engelmann. Engelmann’s theory was based on the work of behaviorist B.F. Skinner. The direct instruction method was designed to teach small groups of children specific skills in a short period of time.
Who developed Direct Instruction?
Direct Instruction was originally developed by Siegfried Engelmann in the 1960s as part of the federally funded Follow Through program. Engelmann and his colleagues were looking for a way to improve upon existing educational approaches, specifically those that were being used in Title I programs for disadvantaged students. They based their approach on the work of Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky, who believed that young children learn best when they are taught in small groups by a skilled instructor.
Engelmann and his team created a highly structured and explicit teaching model that they piloted in a number of urban schools. The results were dramatic, with students in the Direct Instruction classrooms outperforming their peers on standardized tests and other measures of academic success. Direct Instruction has since been refined and expanded, and is now used in schools all over the world.
When was Direct Instruction first used?
Direct Instruction was first developed in the 1960s by Siegfried Engelmann and Witcher Shogs . It was initially created as a way to teach young children reading, writing, and arithmetic. However, it soon became clear that Direct Instruction could be used to teach a variety of different subjects and skills.
Direct Instruction has been used in countless classrooms all over the world since its inception. It is still one of the most popular teaching methods today. Many teachers love Direct Instruction because it is very structured and easy to follow. Others find it too rigid and prefer more creative or student-centered approaches.
How does Direct Instruction work?
Direct Instruction is a teaching method that is characterized by explicit teaching and clear teacher-led explanations. It is a teacher-centered approach where the teacher is the main source of information and the students are passive learners. Direct Instruction has been shown to be effective in teaching basic skills, but it is not as effective in teaching higher-order thinking skills.
What are the steps in a Direct Instruction lesson?
There are six basic steps to Direct Instruction:
1. Presentation: The teacher presents new material in a clear and concise manner.
2. Active Engagement: Students are actively engaged in the lesson through activities such as listening, responding to questions, and practicing new material.
3. Feedback and Correction: The teacher provides feedback and correction as needed to ensure that students understand the material being presented.
4. Practice and Application: Students practice and apply the new material learned in the lesson through activities such as exercises, games, or other hands-on activities.
5. Review and Assessment: The teacher reviews the material covered in the lesson and assesses student understanding through activities such as quizzes or tests.
6. Closure: The teacher reviews the main points of the lesson and gives students an opportunity to ask questions or share their thoughts on the material covered.
What are the benefits of Direct Instruction?
Direct Instruction is a teaching method that is characterized by explicit teaching, carefully sequenced learning tasks, and integrated Student Assessments. It is a highly effective teaching method that has been shown to increase student achievement, especially for struggling learners. Let’s talk about some more benefits of Direct Instruction.
What research has been conducted on Direct Instruction?
Direct Instruction is a highly structured teaching method that has been extensively researched and proven to be effective with a wide range of students, including those from low-income backgrounds and with special needs. The method involves sequenced lessons that are carefully scripted and taught in a step-by-step manner, with ample opportunity for practice and mastery. Although it was developed for use in reading instruction, Direct Instruction has also been used successfully in other subject areas such as math, science, and social studies.
What are the criticisms of Direct Instruction?
Direct Instruction (DI) is a teaching method that is based on the scientific research on how people learn. It is a highly structured, sequential, and step-by-step approach to teaching. Although DI has been shown to be an effective teaching method, it has also been criticised for a number of reasons.
What are some of the problems with Direct Instruction?
Direct Instruction has been controversial since its inception in the 1960s. Critics argue that the whole-class, teacher-led approach stifles creativity and actually decreases achievement in higher-order thinking skills. Proponents counter that Direct Instruction is an evidence-based approach that has been shown to be successful with a wide range of learners, especially those from disadvantaged backgrounds.
The most common criticisms of Direct Instruction are that:
1. It isToo Rigid: Some argue that the highly scripted nature of Direct Instruction lessons does not allow for flexibility or creativity on the part of either teachers or students.
2. It Promotes rote Learning:Critics claim that the focus on repetition and memorization in Direct Instruction leads to students who can regurgitate information but do not understand underlying concepts or how to apply what they have learned to new situations.
3. It Lacks Engagement:Because Direct Instruction lessons are often presented in a boring, didactic manner, critics say they lack the engagement and excitement necessary to hold students’ attention and interest.
4. It is Not Appropriate for All Learners: Some argue that the one-size-fits-all approach of Direct Instruction is not appropriate for all learners, especially those who learn best in more creative, hands-on ways.