What Is Education Like In Mexico?

Learn about the Mexican education system and what it is like to study in Mexico.

Checkout this video:


Mexico has a three-tiered system of education, consisting of primary, secondary, and tertiary levels. Education is compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 18. The majority of schools in Mexico are public, but there is a growing number of private schools.

Primary education in Mexico lasts for six years. Children attend primary school from the age of six until they are 12 years old. At the end of primary school, students take exams known as “Pruebas de Aptitud Académica” (Academic Aptitude Tests). These tests are used to determine which secondary school they will be able to attend.

Secondary education in Mexico is divided into two stages: “bachillerato” and “preparatoria”. Students attend bachillerato from the ages of 12 to 15. Upon completion of bachillerato, students take exams known as “Exámenes Nacionales de Bachillerato” (National Bachillerato Exams). These exams are used to determine which preparatory school they will be able to attend. Preparatory education lasts for three years and is compulsory for all students who wish to attend university.

Tertiary education in Mexico is provided by universities and other higher education institutions. To be eligible to study at a Mexican university, students must have completed preparatory school and have passed the “Examen Nacional de Ingreso a la Educación Superior” (National Exam for Admission to Higher Education).

A Brief History of Education in Mexico

Education in Mexico has a long history. The first schools in Mexico were established by the Spaniards soon after their conquest of the Aztec Empire in 1521. Education was originally available only to the children of the Spanish elite, but gradually became more widespread.

After Mexican independence in 1821, education was made free and compulsory for all children up to the age of 14. However, many rural families could not afford to send their children to school, and illiteracy remained a serious problem. In the early 21st century, literacy rates have improved dramatically, but there are still significant disparities between urban and rural areas.

The Mexican education system is currently undergoing a major reforms, with a particular focus on improving access and quality in rural areas.

The Current State of Education in Mexico

The Mexican government has placed a high priority on education, and over the past few years has made significant strides in improving the country’s educational system.

However, there are still many challenges that need to be addressed. According to a report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), “about one in every four pupils in Mexico does not reach the minimum proficiency level in reading, mathematics or science.”

The report also notes that “students from lower socio-economic backgrounds are particularly likely to be left behind.”

Other challenges facing the education system in Mexico include a lack of resources, overcrowded classrooms, and poorly trained teachers.

Despite these challenges, there are many positive aspects of the education system in Mexico. For example, primary school enrollment has increased dramatically over the past few years, and currently nearly all children between the ages of 6 and 14 are enrolled in school.

In addition, the Mexican government has implemented a number of initiatives aimed at improving the quality of education, such as providing scholarships for teacher training and investing in new technology for classrooms.

The Pros and Cons of Education in Mexico

Education in Mexico has both pros and cons that should be considered when making the decision of whether or not to pursue schooling in the country. Some positive aspects of education in Mexico include the availability of scholarships, the structure of the schooling system, and the popularity of certain fields of study. However, there are also some downfalls to getting an education in Mexico, such as a lack of funding for public schools, certain areas being neglected by the government, and a higher drop-out rate than other developed countries.


Education in Mexico has progressed a great deal in recent years. Primary and secondary education are now compulsory, and enrollment levels have increased significantly. However, there are still some challenges that need to be addressed, such as the high drop-out rate and the lack of resources in many rural schools.

Overall, though, education in Mexico is improving and more Mexicans than ever before are getting the chance to study and develop their skills.

Scroll to Top