What is the Hallmark of Special Education? Here are five things that make special education unique.
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The hallmark of special education is individualization. Within the framework of public school systems, students with disabilities are provided with supports and services that are specifically designed to meet their unique needs. This individualized approach recognizes that students with disabilities have a broad range of abilities, interests, and learning styles, and that they require different types of instruction in order to be successful in school.
Special education services can include everything from adaptations to the regular classroom curriculum to more intensive interventions that are provided in smaller groups or one-on-one. Students who receive special education services typically have an Individualized Education Program (IEP), which is a document that outlines the specific goals and objectives that the student will work on during the school year.
While the focus on individualization is what sets special education apart from other types of educational programming, it is important to remember that students with disabilities are not the only ones who can benefit from this approach. In fact, many general education classrooms are beginning to use more individualized instructional methods in order to better meet the needs of all students.
What is the Hallmark of Special Education?
Special education is instruction that is specifically designed to address the unique needs of a student who has been identified as having a disability. The hallmark of special education is the development of an Individualized Education Program, or IEP, for each student. The IEP is a document that is created by a team of educators and parents that outlines the student’s specific needs and how those needs will be met.
Individualized Education Programs
Students with disabilities often require specialized instruction and modifications to the curriculum in order to progress in school. In the United States, public schools are required to provide a free and appropriate education to all students, regardless of disability. This requirement is met through the development of an Individualized Education Program, or IEP.
An IEP is a document that is created for each student with a disability who is eligible for special education services. The IEP outlines the student’s strengths and weaknesses, as well as their present level of academic achievement and functional performance. Based on this information, the IEP team (which includes the student’s parents or guardians, teachers, and other school personnel) develops goals and objectives for the student’s education. The IEP is reviewed and updated annually to ensure that it remains relevant and effective.
While all students with disabilities are entitled to an IEP, not all will receive one. In order for a student to be eligible for special education services, they must first be evaluated by a team of qualified professionals. This evaluation must determine that the student has a disability that adversely affects their educational performance. If the evaluation does not find such a relationship, then the student will not be eligible for an IEP and will instead receive support through general education classrooms and services.
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) sets forth specific requirements for how public schools must develop and implement IEPs. These requirements include involving parents in the process, conducting annual reviews, and developing measurable goals that focus on improving the student’s academic and functional skills. compliance with these requirements is essential in order to ensure that students with disabilities receive the individualized instruction they need to succeed in school.
Least Restrictive Environment
The hallmark of special education is the placement of students in the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE). The LRE is the most inclusive setting in which a student can be educated, and it is based on the premise that all children have a right to be educated with their peers to the maximum extent possible. Inclusion in general education classrooms is the LRE for most students with disabilities.
In order to truly support the individual needs of students with disabilities, special education must be designed to meet those needs specifically. This means that every student with a disability should have an Individualized Education Program (IEP) that is created with input from the student, their family, and the educators who work with them.
The IEP should be a living document that is reviewed and revised on a regular basis as the student’s needs change. Special education services should be flexible and responsive to the student’s needs, not based on a set of predetermined rules or standards.
The hallmark of special education is therefore individualization. Every student with a disability should have an educational program that is tailored specifically to their unique needs.